A Multi-Engine Class Rating allows the holder of a Private Pilot License (PPL) or Commercial Pilot License (CPL) to fly an aircraft that has 2 or more engines. Multi-Engine flying will test your flying capabilities and challenge you due to the increased workload in the cockpit. A Multi-Engine Rating is desirable for the increased safety factor of having two engines, performance is greater and is needed if you want to progress from a Commercial pilot license (CPL) to an Airline Transport Pilot License (ATPL). Companies also find a Multi-Engine rated pilot more desirable than a single engine:
2 – 3 weeks
The Requirements for Multi-Engine Rating:
Aspects that will be covered in your course:
The training is aimed at ensuring the Candidate has a good grasp of the practical interpretation and application of the Aircraft Flight Manual (AFM) / Pilots Operating Handbook (POH) for the various options associated with:
The training is aimed at ensuring the candidate knows how to conduct a thorough pre-flight inspection of the aircraft and its equipment. The re-fueling of the aircraft and its particular requirements will be addressed at some point during the course.
Training is aimed at ensuring that the candidate knows how to conduct the required pre-start checks.
The training shall be conducted so as to ensure that the candidate is conversant with the methods and requirements for normal and non-normal starts such as hot starts/ flooded starts, the use of external power, etc.
This training will focus on the safety and control of the aircraft whilst conducting checks such as brake checks and instrument checks. The instructor will address the use of asymmetric power, braking requirements, and the effects of inertia as applicable to the aircraft.
The training for this element will focus on:
- The preparation of and checking of the engine, systems, and controls in accordance with the manufacturer or operator’s checklists and procedures.
- Preparation of the pilot and passengers for possible non-normal situations.
- Preparation of the pilot for what is to be expected after take-off assuming no.
Various take-off methods and requirements are all covered including:
- Crosswind take-offs
- Short field take-offs
- Soft field and normal take-offs
- Engine failure during take-off.
The instruction will focus on the various options in respect of cruise, when to use them and how to apply them. The use of avionics and systems such as autopilots, flight directors, stormscope, etc. should be introduced as appropriate during the lessons. Fuel management requirements will be addressed.
The instruction will include descent planning and the various options available to the pilot in respect of descending.
The focus is on how to set the aircraft up for the various approach options and when to use each one. For example, what approach technique should be used for a short-field landing?
The instruction will ensure that the candidate is conversant with the various requirements and subtleties required for the different landing options such as crosswind landings, short field landings, etc.
Circuits and landings
Circuits and landings provide an opportunity to consolidate the skills and techniques required for the various take-off and landing options. At the very least the candidate shall demonstrate his or her ability to manage crosswind take-offs and landings in light and full load conditions and an approach with an engine in a simulated failed condition (zero thrust). Engine failure during the take-off roll will be covered.
After landing and shutdown
This phase of instruction will ensure that the candidate is able to follow the manufacturer’s requirements and checklists in respect of taxiing the aircraft, shutting the engine and avionics down, and completing the required post-flight inspection.
The instructor will use the upper air work phase to build confidence in the aircraft’s handling characteristics and will in all likelihood be carried out prior to the approaches and landings being conducted. Upper air work includes:
- steep turns;
- slow flight;
- spin avoidance;
- engine failure in cruise;
- engine failure at low speeds;
- minimum control;
- determination of zero thrust;
- effect of undercarriage and flaps with an engine-simulated inoperative; and
- consideration of shutting down and restarting an engine in
Basic instrument flying will be a requirement for the Private Pilot license and will require revision from time to time. The conversion course will provide an ideal opportunity to refresh these basic skills. The following should be covered:
- climbing and descending;
- climbing and descending turns;
- steep turns; and
Non-normal events and system failures
During this phase of the conversion course, the instructor will aim to ensure that the candidate is familiar with all of the non-normal items (often called emergency items in older AFM/ POHs). The level of familiarity required will be dependent upon the aircraft’s complexity and handling characteristics but will include ensuring that the applicant can fly the aircraft whilst identifying and assessing the problem, carrying out the required actions to deal with the problem, and then managing the flight to ensure a safe outcome. The following items as a minimum must be practiced:
- forced landings;
- precautionary landings;
- engine failure and drift down in cruise;
- engine failure during and immediately after take-off;
- engine failure during an approach;
- go-around or lack of performance to complete a go-around with an engine simulated inoperative;
- undercarriage problems;
- alternator problems;
- fuel problems; and
We have 3 amazing flight academies to choose from.
Apex Flight Academy
Apex Flight Academy is located at the Klerksdorp Airfield in the North West Province of South Africa.
Potch Flight Academy
Potch Flight Academy is located at the Potchefstroom Airfield in the North West Province of South Africa.
Parys Flying Academy
Parys Flying Academy is located at the Parys Airfield in the Free State Province of South Africa.